Going back to school? 3 ways to reduce the cost
If you’re considering going back to school, you’re likely thinking about how you’re going to pay for it. Your total price tag may include not just tuition but also fees, course materials, and room and board.
The good news is many people qualify for some kind of financial help. Here are three college funding solutions you may want to look into.
Find grants and scholarships
Typically, grants are awarded based on financial need, whereas many scholarships are merit-based and may require standards such as maintaining a certain GPA. These are not loans and don’t have to be repaid.
Taken together, federal and state governments are the largest providers of grants and scholarships. The most common grant is the Federal Pell Grant, which provides need-based assistance to undergraduates and some graduate students. The grant, which has a maximum award of $5,920 for the 2017–2018 school year, depends on your status as a full-time or part-time student, as well as financial need. Many schools also offer grants and scholarships that may be need-based, merit-based or a combination. Private organizations, such as the NAACP and the Boy Scouts of America, may also offer money to students.
Ask your employer about education benefits
Your employer may reimburse your tuition, fees, materials or other similar expenses when they’re used for career-related courses, since additional education may make you a more valuable employee. Federal tax law allows your employer to reimburse up to $5,250 of these expenses each year, free of federal income tax, though you generally have to pay tax on amounts above $5,250. You may qualify for additional education-related tax breaks as well, but you can’t use the employer-paid expenses as the basis to claim any other deduction or credit.
Keep in mind that different employers have different policies regarding tuition assistance. They may require you to work for the company for a specified period in order to qualify or tie your eligibility to your GPA. Others may have a sliding reimbursement scale; for example, if you complete a course with an A grade you earn full reimbursement, while a B receives partial reimbursement.
Consider working while in school
Many adult students work full-time and take one or two classes a semester. If you want to take a larger class load, it may make sense to scale back to part-time work. (Bear in mind, however, that your employer may require that you work a certain number of hours—say, 30 a week—to retain retirement and health benefits.) Also, many government financial aid programs require you to attend school at least half-time. If you drop below, you may lose financial aid or have to begin paying off student loans.