Saving for college at the last minute
Seven tips to help with college expenses when high school graduation is right around the corner.
If you’re not sure how you’re going to cover the cost of your child’s college education, you’re not alone. In 2017, Sallie Mae found that 86 percent of families said they knew their child would go to college, yet only 39 percent said they had a plan to pay for it. Those same families reported paying an average of $23,757 for college during the 2016–2017 school year. If those numbers seem daunting, don’t panic: There are many ways to help support your high schooler’s pursuit of a college degree.
Figure out what you can contribute
Estimate how much your student might need per year to cover tuition, fees, room and board, textbooks and supplies, and other living expenses. Then, examine your budget to find out how you can boost your savings. Even small changes to your habits, such as cutting back on dining out or other leisure activities, can free up hundreds of dollars each month. Saving now can help whether your kids are a few months or years from college.
Get friends and family involved
If you have a 529 plan for your child, suggest that relatives contribute to it instead of buying birthday or holiday gifts. 529 plans are flexible, tax-advantaged accounts that let you make contributions to help pay for education expenses. You aren't taxed on your earnings as they have the opportunity to grow-and you pay no federal (and often state) income taxes on withdrawals used for qualified higher education expenses. For the most up-to-date information about rules and regulations for 529 plans, check the IRS website.
Merrill Edge® 529 Plans can be a helpful part of your strategy to tackle the cost of higher education.
Apply for financial aid
Billions of dollars in student aid are available each year. Most schools award aid based on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form, so be sure to fill out and file your FAFSA before the deadline. Aid is on a first-come, first-served basis in many states, so it’s recommended you get your FAFSA in as soon as possible. Also look for private scholarships and grant opportunities based on your teen’s interests and hobbies.
Consider different college choices
College costs vary widely. Tuition and fees at a four-year, in-state public college can be a fourth of the cost of a private school education, according to 2017 data from the College Board. Keep in mind, however, some schools may offer more robust financial aid packages and other assistance. Talk to your teen about school choices and setting realistic expectations. You should also discuss other possibilities to keep costs manageable such as a two-year degree with the option to transfer to a four-year school later on.
Think about how debt affects your—and your child’s—future
Americans owe more than $1.4 trillion in federal and private student loan debt, according to 2017 data from the Federal Reserve. It also found that 30 percent of adults said they borrowed money to pay for education expenses, with 94 percent of those adults owing money on student loans. The average student loan debt among those same adults is $32,731. Here’s how long it would take for a typical graduate to pay that off.
Paying off student loan debt for a typical graduate
Student loan debt is
If interest rate is
If monthly payment is
Length of time to pay off debt is
(more than 15 years)
If your child needs student loans, be sure she understands how it will affect her lifestyle after graduation. Borrowing only what’s necessary can help her start out on the right foot.
Get your teen involved
Since your child benefits directly from the college degree, get her involved in paying for it. Encourage your student to explore summer jobs and work-study opportunities and to apply for grants and scholarships to minimize student loan debt.
Don’t compromise your future
You may be tempted to dip into your retirement accounts to help cover the costs of higher education, but doing so might result in you paying additional taxes on that money. Plus, you deplete those accounts’ long-term growth potential. Try to continue funding your retirement accounts even as you help your child pay for higher education, so you’re both better prepared for the future.
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